Notes must be numbered consecutively throughout the text using Arabic numerals, double-spaced, and grouped together as endnotes following the text. Footnotes and in-text citations are not permitted, nor are bibliographies. All titles in non-Roman alphabets (Arabic, Cyrillic, etc.) must be transliterated and should follow English-language capitalization rules. Foreign titles in Roman alphabets (French, German, etc.) should follow the capitalization rules of that particular language. English translations of foreign language titles may be provided at the author’s discretion. Internet references must include a full URL and an accessed date. Cities of publication should include the country or U.S. state (e.g., Calif., Mass., N.Y.), except for major cities (Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York).
The style of note citations should conform to the following examples:
1 Stanford J. Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, 2 vols. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977).
2 Jamil M. Abun-Nasr, A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period, 3rd ed. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987),
10; idem, Muslim Communities of Grace: The Sufi Brotherhoods in Islamic Religious Life (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), 4.
3 Howard Crane, trans. and ed., Risale–i Mimarʾıyye: An EarlySeventeenth-Century Ottoman Treatise on Architecture, Studies in Islamic Art and Architecture 1 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1987), 71.
4 Martin Rein and Donald Schon, “Frame-Reflective Policy Discourse,” in Social Sciences and Modern States, ed. Peter Wagner, Carol Hirschon Weiss, Bjo¨ rnWittrock, and Helmut Wollman (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 262–89.
5 Clifford Geertz, “Toutes Directions: Reading the Signs in an Urban Sprawl,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 21 (1989): 291–306.
When references to the same work follow without interruption, use ibid. When notes to the same work follow after interruption, use the author’s last name and a shortened title of the book or article. Do not use op. cit.:
6 Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire, 2:6.
7 Ibid., 1:10–52.
8 Social Science Research Council, “Internationalization and Interdisciplinarity: An Evaluation of Title VI Middle East Studies Centers,” Social Science Research Council, http://www.ssrc.org/programs/mena/survey of middle east studies/ (accessed 20 March 2007).
9 Otis Glazebrook to the U.S. State Department, “Increase in Cost of Living Caused by War,” 3 November 1915, consular correspondence, American consulate in Jerusalem, record group 84, Vol. 72, National Archives at College Park, College Park, Md. (NACP).
10 Muhammad ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Maqrami, Al-Tajammu‘ al-Yamani li-l-Islah: Al-Ru‘ya wa-l-Masar—Dirasa fi al-Mash‘a wa-l-Tatawwur (Sanaa, Yemen: Yemeni Reform Gathering, 1998).